A piano is a durable instrument and has the potential to last for at least several decades. But it depends on the preservation of the piano.
If you own an acoustic piano or plan to buy an old one, you need to know how to maintain the right room conditions.
Use the following guidelines to help you create or update your piano room to complement and protect your piano:
1. Maintain the correct temperature in the piano room
An ideal piano room has a temperature of 21-22 °C; temperatures too high or lower weaken the fine internal glue and cause long-term wood damage. Make sure you can control the temperature of the piano room to avoid climatic fluctuations:
Keep pianos away from exterior walls, doors, windows, fireplaces, and climate control vents.
If your area has extreme temperatures, keep the room protected and insulated, especially if your climate control system will shut down at night.
Putting a carpet under the floor can help keep your piano in shape on a cold floor and help balance a piano that sounds too bright.
2. Ideal humidity levels for pianos
The optimum humidity for a piano is 35-45%, but up to 55% is acceptable as long as it is constant.
Fluctuating humidity can cause wood, including important soundboards, to expand and contract, resulting in pianos losing pitch, timbre, silent keys, and many other costly, avoidable variations.
Tip: If you own an electric piano, keep the humidity at 55% to prevent static damage.
3. Restrictive Elements
Windows and doors allow a series of threats to enter and destroy your piano:
Condensation, a particular threat to electric keyboards, can be avoided by keeping doors and windows well insulated; both should be kept closed within 4 feet of the piano.
Dust, pollen, and smoke can easily reach the piano’s delicate interior and, with the help of condensation, coat it with a residue that breeds bacterial stickiness. Keep the piano lid closed and install a quality guard for your electronic keyboard.
Direct sunlight should not shine directly on pianos, whether electric or acoustic. Proper sunlight can help prevent mold and yellowing of keys in an acoustic piano, but be sure to monitor the temperature of the sunny piano room.
4. Best Piano Room
Your piano room should enhance the sound of your piano. “Bright” pianos, which sound clear, high-pitched, and even slightly harsh, can be balanced by sound-absorbing environments such as carpets and wall hangings.
Wood floors and other hard surfaces can complement the delicate, mellow sound of the piano. Hardwood floors are great for their versatility, and you can adjust the room’s sound by adding area rugs.